American Journal of Plant Sciences Vol.4 No.8(), Article ID,7 pages DOI/ajps Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Dorcas Olufunke Moronkola and others published Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Yoruba indigo (Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Lonchocarpus cyanescens). The Yoruba indigo vine, known locally as èlú, is a large forest liana but if unable to.

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Lonchocarpus cyanescens

The presence of these secondary metabolites was confirmed by thin-layer chromatography. The leaf residue and stem interface were also obtained as fractions.

Yoruba indigo Philenoptera cyanescens syn. Bioactivity effects of Lonchocarpus cyanescens have been demonstrated in its anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and its relief on ulcer. It also has antitussive properties, effective as expectorant, treatment of ulcer, and flavoring for masking bitter taste of drugs like quinine.

See images of our work on Flickr. In Senegal, the leaves are used as a condiment eaten with couscous. Chemical Compositions of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Thus, this investigation provides evidence that may justify the ethnomedicinal applications of Lonchocarpus cyanescens as the major constituent of the recipe used for the management of psychosis in Nigeria.

Phytochemical screenings indicated extracts contain seven important classes of secondary metabolites which are saponin, tannin, cyanescenx, terpenoid, cardiac glycoside, phlobatannins and flavonoids Table 4. Leguminosae—Papilionoideae, Fabaceae is a deciduous scan dent shrub [].


Lonchocarpus cyanescens (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

Lonchocarpus cyanescens LC is a medicinal plant commonly used in combination with other recipes in the treatment of psychotic disorders in traditional medicine. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Taken together, these findings suggest that lonchocarpks extracts possess phytochemically active constituents with antipsychotic property.

Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: In cultivation this is an advantage as it is easier to harvest.

Glass column lnochocarpus varying lonchocarpis depending on weight of extract and silica gel 70 – mesh were used for open column chromatography. Leaves are used as laxative. The plant is utilized in traditional medicine.

Roots and stems contain compounds with proven anti-arthritic effects. The plant has alternate leaves, flat fruits which are 1 – 5 seeded, oblong pod pointed at both ends []. Visit our blog on Blogspot. Leaf and stem essential oils of Lonchocarpus cyanescens Benth. Bright green, flat pods, pointed at each end, are fully formed by July, enclosing seeds which each form a gnarled bulge in the pod. Above mentioned metabolites may be responsible for literature acclaimed bio-activities Cyanescend.


All parts yield indigo dye but usually only leaves and shoots are collected. The plant is an active anti-arthritic remedy utilized with 3 other plants in Igbo tribal ethnomedicine [11].

Other traditional uses include the treatment of yaws, leprosy and skin diseases. Methanol extract 10 g was further partitioned between aqueous methanol and ethylacetate to give the ethylacetate fraction. This may be the reason why cyanescene acid is said to relieve peptic ulcers [2,12,15,17].

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The effect of the extracts on spontaneous motor activity was also studied in the open field test in mice. Results show seven compounds were responsible for It has some additional pharmacological properties including antiviral, antifungal, anti-protozoal, and antibacterial activities. The lonchpcarpus fraction 2 g was chromatographed on silica gel column eluting with increasing gradient of n-hexane: A triterpene component of the plant has been found active against arthritis [2,12,13].

As the pods ripen at the end of the rainy season, they turn papery and grey-brown with an iridescent sheen and a clearly visible network of raised veins. Fractions were subjected to phytochemical analysis.