La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story. Retrieved from ” https: The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective gyemara.

After the Mishnah was published by Judah the Prince c. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention. In a narrow sense, ghemara word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic.

If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. Talmud Readers lz Adolf Behrman. Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from gemara New International Encyclopedia. If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.


The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. The Talmud thus comprises two components: Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:.

There is little dialogue. It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?

A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law. This article needs additional citations for verification.

This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation.

Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning.

In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical guemaa.


Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e. Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? Views Read Edit View history. Not to be confused with Gamera. The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect.

Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim. There are two versions of the Gemara. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Gemara – Wikipedia

The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim. The analysis ugemara the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim. The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing.

Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. Guemqra they do, why do they differ? All statements are examined for internal consistency. Do certain authorities differ or not?