ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. I’m starting to read Max Horkheimer’s Eclipse of Reason. I have had high hopes for it and have not been disappointed. The distinction. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application.

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Some memorable points from my read through: During this time he met Max Horkheimer, with whom he became a lifelong friend.

Genuine progress, ths fascism. The latter is psychologically transformative in ways that the former is not. The subjugation of nature will revert to subjugation of man, and vice versa, as long as man does not understand his own reason and the basic process by which he has created and is maintaining the antagonism that is about horkgeimer destroy him.

As though it were not already plain: Nevertheless, Horkheimer admits that objective reason has its roots in Reason horkheimdr Logos ” in Greek of the subject. He feels that moder This form of reason does not concern itself with analysis of the content or ends, but rather assumes that the ends are for the benefit of actor of the means. As would be expected of a book this short, Horkheimer tends to make unsupported statements, but Eclipse of Reason contains a valuable critique of positivism and is a good starting point for further thought.

Thus formalistic reason becomes a species instrumental reason.

Eclipse of Reason | Digifesto

Horkheimer deals with the concept of reason within the history of western philosophy. Primary Sources References in the text above are to the English translations, where available.

It is thus highly critical of positivism and the idea that practicality is the highest good. How timely in this current resurgence of the very pre-fascistic nativism globally to see a philosopher and critical theorist dismantling the very process at work in this faux-regression, and how these movements are triggered in response to the resentful, alienated, reified subject.


On the other hand, he shows how this universality of rationality has gradually …. This book is as good an analysis of what sclipse before it as it is thhe prophecy for what would come after.

Eclipse of Reason

The following year the Institute would return as well. Social needs are thus handled through various disorganized activities focused on individual needs, which in turn inadequately deals with the social basis of individual welfare, thus detracting from individual welfare.

Glass’s Population Policies and Movements in Europe is published. We also lose our ability to perceive totality or truth, because concepts and facts become over-classified and made easily palatable rather than meaningful. From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, and what he considers its present reified domination.

Eclipse construes this in terms of a loss of autonomy, which would involve our creatively developing drives and desires into ideal ends that could orient the ways we act on our environments see, for ecpipse, Eclipse of Reason is a book by Max Horkheimerin which the author discusses how the Nazis were able to project their agenda as “reasonable”, [1] [2] but also identifies the pragmatism of John Dewey as problematic, due to his emphasis on the instrumental dimension of reasoning.

Sociology as a scholarly discipline emerged tje out of the Enlightenment thought, shortly after the French Revolution, as a positivist science of society. Horkheimer is less Marxist than Hegelian, maintaining that the dialectic between theory and practice is what drives history. And so while our ability to achieve our goals has been amplified, our ability to have goals with intellectual integrity has hollowed out.

However, their own natural impulses, those antagonistic to the various demands of civilization, lead a devious undercover life within them. Feb 20, Kate rated it really liked it Shelves: In instrumental reason, the sole criterion of reason is its operational value or purposefulness, and with this, the idea of truth becomes contingent on mere subjective preference hence the relation with subjective reason. As opposed to subjective tge, not all aims are equal. Subjective reason thus falls into incoherence, because as the drive toward self-preservation becomes more and more all encompassing, any real conception of the significance of what is to be preserved is lost.


Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) | Revolvy

horkheeimer Dec 28, Mahmoud Haggui rated it liked it. The speakers at the conference were invited to discuss the differences between social and natural sciences and the status of values For Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, the dialectic was a process of realization that things contain their own negation and through this realization the parts are sublated into something greater.

List of non-fiction writers topic The term non-fiction writer covers vast numbers of fields. Horkheimer was the director horkueimer the Institute and Professor of Social Philosophy at the University of Frankfurt from —, and again from — Notify me of new comments via email.

Max Horkheimer

Marxist theory Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Which is where I suspect where Horkheimer’s interest in Schopenhauer came from.

Member feedback about Culture industry: Along similar lines, the critique of positivism is repeated in Eclipse pp. Member feedback about Claus Offe: The western individual Horkheimer says comes from Greek tragedy. German sociologists Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Selected Essayspp. Mar 21, Yen Ling rated it really liked it. Visual infographic showing plant cell types.